Volatility FAQ

0x00 前言


出于检测Linux平台下Rootkit的需要,试了一下很早以前知道,但一直没有用过的工具Volatility.考虑国内服务器的现实情况,选择CentOS 5.5作为实验平台. 一个工具的使用在我想来应该是相当简单的,但实际情况相当曲折,……经过很多实践和教训,写了一些笔记,整理为FAQ,遂成此文,以供同好交流讨论.

0x01 正文


Q1: Volatility 是什么?

A1: Volatility是一个Python编写的跨平台,用于内存分析的法证工具,其目的是为了在数据犯罪中提取易失性数据 ,也可以用来进行Rootkit的检测和协助清除.


Q2:其大致原理是什么?

A2: Linux的System.map文件列出了详细的系统调用(syscall),而kernel-header源码通过dwarfdump生成的module.dwarf文件中会包含很多kernel‘s data structure,将以上2个文件打包为profile.再用这个profile解析dump下来的物理内存,就很容易找到植入Rootkit的机器活动时的进程(linux_psaux)、网络通信(linux_netstat)、活动文件(linux_lsof)、驱动模块(linux_lsmod)等等.


Q3: CentOS 5X中为运行volatility而安装了python2.6,导致依赖python2.4的yum无法运行,如何处理?

A3: 编译安装Python2.6后执行以下操作:

#mv /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/python2.4
#ln -s /usr/local/bin/python2.6 /usr/bin/python
#vi /usr/bin/yum

将文件开始的#!/usr/bin/python改#!/usr/bin/python2.4


Q4:执行python vol.py,报错提示

Volatile Systems Volatility Framework 2.3.1 \***| Failed to import volatility.plugins.registry.registryapi (ImportError: No module named Crypto.Hash)

A4: Volatility需要pycrypto的支持以便进行Hash运算

#yum install pycrypto

Q5:执行yum install pycrypto后,Python仍提示

Failed to import volatility.plugins.registry.registryapi (ImportError: No module named Crypto.Hash)

A5: 打印Crypto lib库文件路径,确认python2.7能够import Crypto库.

#python
import Crypto
import os
print(Crypto.__file__);
print (dir(Crypto));
print(os.listdir(os.path.dirname(Crypto.__file__)))

提示无法导入Crypto库,在python2.4中打印Crypto成功,那就

#cp -ivR  /usr/lib/python2.4/Crypto/  /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/

Q6:执行python vol.py后提示

RuntimeWarning: Python C API version mismatch for module Crypto.Hash.MD4: This Python has API version 1013, module Crypto.Hash.MD4 has version 1012.from Crypto.Hash import MD5, MD4

A6: yum或apt安装的pycrypto版本问题,实际不影响使用,追求完美就换版本.

#wget –v  https://ftp.dlitz.net/pub/dlitz/crypto/pycrypto/pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz
#tar zxvf pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz
#python setup.py install
#ll /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/Crypto/

Q7: volatility.可以正常使用了,该开始制作profile,那么profile如何创建?

A7: 每个Linux发行版的不同内核都需要单独创建一个profile,基本上不通用,示例如下:

#cd volatility/tools/linux
#make
#head module.dwarf
#zip volatility/volatility/plugins/overlays/linux/Ubuntu1204.zip volatility/tools/linux/module.dwarf /boot/System.map-3.2.0-23-generic 

Q8:CentOS 5X似乎默认没有dwarfdump.

A8: CentOS没有能提供dwarfdump的源,但volatility官方提示Fedora repository的源可以提供,只要执行yum install elfutils-libelf-devel”就可以.但不幸的是,安装了elfutils-libelf-devel,也找不到dwarfdump.所以还是自力更生吧

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Q8:CentOS 5Roo果轺eyum

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Q8:CentOS 5pmot是一ote>

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    0x00 前言


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